Conservation Reserves

(Photo: V.B. Mathur, Asan Wetland, Uttarakhand)

What is Conservation Reserves

Conservation reserves and community reserves in India are terms denoting protected areas of India which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India. Such areas are designated as conservation areas if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities and community areas if part of the lands are privately owned.

These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land, and land use.

 

 

List of Conservation Reserves (as on July, 2023)

 

Name of State

No. of PAs

Name of Protected Area

Year of Creation

Area
(in km2)

Bihar

1

Gogabil Conservation Reserve, Katihar

2019

0.30

2

Bhaluni Dham Conservtttion Reserve, Rohtas

2021

0.12

Gujarat

1

Chharidhandh

2008

227.00

Haryana

1

Bir Bara Ban

2007

4.19

2

Saraswati Plantation

2007

44.53

Himachal Pradesh

1

Darlaghat

2013

0.67

2

Naina Devi

2013

17.01

3

Potter Hill

2008

2.24

4

Shilli

2013

1.49

Karnataka

1

Ankasamudra Bird Sanctuary

2017

0.988

2

Banakapur

2006

0.56

3

Basur Amruth Mahal Kaval

2011

7.36

4

Bedthi

2011

57.30

5

Hornbill

2011

52.50

6

Jayamangali Blackbuck

2007

3.23

7

Kolara Leaf Nosed Bat

2019

0.90

8

Magadi Kere

2015

0.54

9

Melapura Bee Eater Bird Sanctuary

2015

0.0318

10

Puttenahalli Lake Bird Sanctuary

2015

0.15

11

Shalmale Riparian Bio-system

2012

4.89

12

Thimlapura

2016

17.38

13

Thungabhadra Otter

2015

20.00

14

Ummathur

2017

6.08

Maharashtra

1

Anjneri

2017

5.69

2

Bhorkada

2008

3.49

3

Kolamarka

2013

180.72

4

Mamdapur

2014

54.46

5

Muktai Bhavani

2014

122.74

6

Tillari

2020

29.53

7

Toranmal

2016

93.42

8

Amboli-Dodamarg

2021

56.92

9

Jor-Jambhali

2021

65.11

10

Chandgad

2021

225.24

11

Panhalgad

2021

72.90

12

Vishalgad

2021

92.96

Punjab

1

Beas River

2017

64.29

2

Rakh Sarai Amanat Khan

2010

4.95

3

Ranjit Sagar

2017

18.65

4

Ropar Wetland

2017

2.11

Rajasthan

1

Amrakh Mahadev Leopard Conservation Reserve

 

71.47

2

Baghdarrah Crocodile Conservation Reserve

 

3.69

3

Baleshwar Conservation Reserve

 

22.17

4

Banjh Amli Conservation Reserve

 

14.63

5

Bansiyal - Khetdi Bagore Conservation Reserve

2018

39.66

6

Bansiyal Khetdi Conservation Reserve

 

70.18

7

Beed Fatehpur Conservation Reserve

 

30.03

8

Beed Jhunjunu Conservation Reserve

2012

10.47

9

Beed Muhana Conservation Reserve-A

 

2.07

10

Beed Muhana Conservation Reserve-B

 

0.10

11

BeedGhaas Fuliakhurd Conservation Reserve

2022

0.86

12

Bisalpur Conservation Reserve

2008

48.31

13

Ganga Bherav Ghati Conservation Reserve

 

39.51

14

Gogelav Conservation Reserve

2012

3.58

15

Gudha Vishnoiyan Conservation Reserve

2011

2.32

16

Hamirgarh Conservation Reserve

 

5.66

17

Jawai Bandh Leopard Conservation Reserve-II

2018

61.98

18

Jawaibandh Conservation Reserve

2013

19.79

19

Jhalana-Amagarh Conservation Reserve

 

35.07

20

Jodbeed Gadhwala Bikaner Conservation Reserve

2008

56.47

21

Kharmor Conservation Reserve

 

9.31

22

Kurja Conservation Reserve

 

2.92

23

Mahseer Conservation Reserve

 

2.06

24

Mansa mata Conservation Reserve

2019

102.31

25

Ramgarh Conservation Reserve

 

38.09

26

Rankhar Conservation Reserve

2022

72.88

27

Rotu Conservation Reserve

2012

0.73

28

Shahabad Talheti Conservation Reserve

 

178.84

29

Shahbad Conservation Reserve

 

189.39

30

Shakambari Conservation Reserve

2012

131.0

31

Sorsan I Conservation Reserve

 

16.11

32

Sorsan II Conservation Reserve

 

4.27

33

Sorsan III Conservation Reserve

 

0.76

34

Sundhamata Conservation Reserve

2008

117.49

35

Ummedganj pakshi Vihar Conservation Reserve

2012

2.73

36

Wadakheda Conservation Reserve

 

43.31

Sikkim

1

Sling Dong Fairreanum Orchid

2008

0.06

Tamil Nadu

1

Tiruppadaimarathur

2005

0.0284

2

Suchindrum-Theroor-Managudi

2015

4.8477

Tripura

1

Bhairabnagar

2022

12.9347

Uttarakhand

1

Asan Wetland

2005

4.44

2

Jhilmil Jheel

2005

37.84

3

Naina Devi Himalayan Bird Sanctuary

2015

111.92

4

Pawalgarh

2012

58.25

West Bengal

1

Deul

2017

10.50

2

Garpanchkot

2017

1340.34

3

Hijli

2017

15.50

4

Mukutmanipur

2017

43.70

5

Tekonia

2017

5.87

Jammu & Kashmir

1

Achabal

1945

20

2

Ajas

1945

48

3

Bahu

1981

19.75

4

Brien Nishat

1945

15.75

5

Gambir Mughlan Goral

2019

21.3

6

Jawahar Tunnel

1981

19.57

7

Kheri

1942

18.45

8

Khimber Dara Sharazbal

1945

34

9

Khonmoh

1945

67

10

Khrew

1945

50.25

11

Kulian

1942

10.29

12

Naganari

1991

21.75

13

Sheshara

1942

1.43

14

Sudhmahadev

1981

142.25

15

Thein

1981

18.9

16

Wangath

1945

12

17

Chatlam Wetland Reserve

1945

8.52

18

Freshkhoori Wetland Reserve

1945

3.41

19

Gharana Wetland Reserve

1981

0.75

20

Haigam Wetland Reserve

1945

7.25

21

Hokersar Wetland Reserve

1945

13.75

22

Kranchoo Wetland Reserve

1945

1.28

23

Kukarian Wetland Reserve

1981

24.25

24

Malgoam Wetland Reserve

1945

4.5

25

Manibugh Wetland Reserve

1945

1.06

26

Mirgund Wetland Reserve

1945

4

27

Nanga Wetland Reserve

1981

15.25

28

Pargwal Wetland Reserve

1981

49.25

29

Sangral Asa Chak Wetland Reserve

1981

7

30

Shallabugh Wetland Reserve

1945

16

Ladakh

1

Boodh Karbu

2008

12.00

2

Kanji

2008

100.00

3

Norrichain Wetland (Tsokar)

2008

2.00