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| Last Updated:: 01/08/2018

National Parks

 

(Photo: Ajay Srivastava, Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh)

What is a National Park

 

An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972.

 

There are 104 existing national parks in India covering an area of 40,501 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, Aug. 2018). In addition to the above 75 National Parks covering an area of 16,608 km2 are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report (Rodgers & Panwar 1988). The network of parks will go up 179 after full implementation of the above report.

 

 

State-wise break up of National Parks (July, 2018)

 

Name of State & Union Territory

State Area (km²)

No. of NPs

Area (km²)

% of State Area

1.  Andhra Pradesh

2,75,069

6

1,388.49

0.50

2.  Arunachal Pradesh

83,743

2

2,290.82

2.74

3.  Assam

78,438

5

1,977.79

2.52

4.  Bihar

94,163

1

335.65

0.36

5.  Chhattisgarh

1,35,191

3

2,899.08

2.14

6.  Goa

3,702

1

107.00

2.89

7.  Gujarat

1,96,022

4

480.12

0.24

8.  Haryana

44,212

2

48.25

0.11

9.  Himachal Pradesh

55,673

5

2,271.38

4.08

10. Jammu & Kashmir

2,22,236

4

3,925.00

1.77

11. Jharkhand

79,714

1

226.33

0.28

12. Karnataka

1,91,791

5

2,628.42

1.37

13. Kerala

38,863