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| Last Updated:: 05/07/2017

National Parks

 

(Photo: Ajay Srivastava, Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh)

What is a National Park

 

An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972.

 

There are 103 existing national parks in India covering an area of 40,500.13 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, July, 2017).

 

 

State-wise break up of National Parks (July, 2017)

 

 

Name of State & Union Territory State Area km² No. of NPs Area km² % of State Area
1.  Andhra Pradesh 1,60,205 2 356.02 0.22
2.  Arunachal Pradesh 83,743 2 2,290.82 2.74
3.  Assam 78,438 5 1,977.79 2.52
4.  Bihar 94,163 1 335.65 0.36
5.  Chhattisgarh 1,35,191 3 2,899.08 2.14
6.  Goa 3,702 1 107.00 2.89
7.  Gujarat 1,96,022 4 480.12 0.24
8.  Haryana 44,212 2 48.25 0.11
9.  Himachal Pradesh 55,673 5 2,271.38 4.08
10. Jammu & Kashmir 2,22,236 4 3,925.00 1.77
11. Jharkhand 79,714 1 226.33 0.28
12. Karnataka 1,91,791 5 2,795.76 1.46
13. Kerala 38,863 6 558.16 1.44
14. Madhya Pradesh 3,08,245 9 3,656.36 1.19
15. Maharashtra 3,07,713 6 1,273.60 0.41
16. Manipur 22,327 1 40.00 0.18
17. Meghalaya 22,429 2 267.48 1.19
18. Mizoram 21,081 2 150.00 0.71
19. Nagaland 16,579 1 202.02 1.22
20. Orissa 1,55,707 2 990.70 0.64
21. Punjab 50,362 0 0.00 0.00
22. Rajasthan 3,42,239 5 3,947.07 1.15
23. Sikkim 7,096 1 1,784.00 25.14
24. Tamil Nadu 1,30,058 5 307.85 0.24
25. Telangana 1,14,840 5 1,032.47 0.90
26. Tripura 10,486 2 36.71 0.35
27. Uttar Pradesh 2,40,928 1 490.00 0.20
28. Uttarakhand 53,483 6 4,915.02 9.19
29. West Bengal 88,752 6 1,981.65 2.23
30. Andaman & Nicobar 8,249 9 1,153.94 13.99
31. Chandigarh 114 0 0.00 0.00
32. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 491 0 0.00 0.00
33. Daman & Diu 112 0 0.00 0.00
34. Delhi 1,483 0 0.00 0.00
35. Lakshadweep 32 0 0.00 0.00
36. Pondicherry 480 0 0.00 0.00

Total

32,87,263 103 40,500.13 1.23

 

List of National Parks (July, 2017)

 

S. No.

Name of State/ Protected Area

Year of Establishment

Area (km2)

District(s)

 

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

 

 

 

1

Campbell Bay NP

1992

426.23

Nicobar

2

Galathea Bay NP

1992

110.00

Nicobar

3

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP

1983

281.50

Andaman

4

Middle Button Island NP

1987

0.44

Andaman

5

Mount Harriett NP

1987

46.62

Andaman

6

North Button Island NP

1987

0.44

Andaman

7

Rani Jhansi Marine NP

1996

256.14

Andaman

8

Saddle Peak NP

1987

32.54

Andaman

9

South Button Island NP

1987

0.03

Andaman

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh

 

 

 

1

Papikonda NP

2008

1012.86

East & West Godavari

2

Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP

2005

2.40

Kadapa

3

Sri Venkateswara NP

1989

353.62

Chittoor & Cuddapah

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arunachal Pradesh

 

 

 

1

Mouling NP

1986

483.00

Upper Siang

2

Namdapha NP

1983

1807.82

Changlang

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assam

 

 

 

1

Dibru-Saikhowa NP

1999

340.00

Tinsukia & Dibrugarh

2

Kaziranga NP

1974

858.98

Golaghat, Nagaon & Sonitpur

3

Manas NP

1990

500.00

Barpeta & Bongaigaon

4

Nameri NP

1998

200.00

Sonitpur

5

Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP

1999

78.81

Darrang & Sonitpur

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bihar

 

 

 

1

Valmiki NP

1989

335.65

West Champaran

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chhattisgarh             

 

 

 

1

Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP

1981

1440.71

Surguja & Koria

2

Indravati (Kutru) NP

1982

1258.37

Dantewada

3

Kanger Valley NP

1982

200.00

Bastar

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goa

 

 

 

1

Mollem NP

1992

107.00

North Goa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gujarat

 

 

 

1

Vansda NP

1979

23.99

Navasari

2

Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP

1976

34.53

Bhavnagar

3

Gir NP

1975

258.71

Junagadh

4

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP

1982

162.89

Jamnagar

 

 

 

.

 

 

Haryana

 

 

 

1

Kalesar NP

2003

46.82

Yamuna Nagar

2

Sultanpur NP

1989

1.43

Gurgaon

 

 

 

 

 

 

Himachal Pradesh