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| Last Updated:: 10/05/2019

National Parks

 

(Photo: Ajay Srivastava, Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh)

What is a National Park

 

An area, whether within a sanctuary or not, can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife therein or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972.

 

There are 104 existing national parks in India covering an area of 40501.13 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, May, 2019).

 

 

List of National Parks (May, 2019)

 

 

 

State S.No. Name of State/ Protected Area Year of Establishment Area (km2)
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 Campbell Bay NP 1992 426.23
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 2 Galathea Bay NP 1992 110
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 3 Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NP 1983 281.5
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 4 Middle Button Island NP 1987 0.44
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 5 Mount Harriett NP 1987 46.62
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 6 North Button Island NP 1987 0.44
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 7 Rani Jhansi Marine NP 1996 256.14
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 8 Saddle Peak NP 1987 32.54
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 9 South Button Island NP 1987 0.03
Andhra Pradesh 1 Papikonda NP 2008 1012.86
Andhra Pradesh 2 Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) NP 2005 2.4
Andhra Pradesh 3 Sri Venkateswara NP 1989 353.62
Arunachal Pradesh 1 Mouling NP 1986 483
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Namdapha NP 1983 1807.82
Assam 1 Dibru-Saikhowa NP 1999 340
Assam 2 Kaziranga NP 1974 858.98
Assam 3 Manas NP 1990 500
Assam 4 Nameri NP 1998 200
Assam 5 Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP 1999 78.81
Bihar  1 Valmiki NP 1989 335.65
Chhattisgarh               1 Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) NP 1981 1440.705
Chhattisgarh               2 Indravati (Kutru) NP 1982 1258.37
Chhattisgarh               3 Kanger Valley NP 1982 200
Goa 1 Mollem NP 1992 107
Gujarat 1 Vansda NP 1979 23.99
Gujarat 2 Blackbuck (Velavadar) NP 1976 34.53
Gujarat 3 Gir NP 1975 258.71
Gujarat 4 Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) NP 1982 162.89
Haryana 1 Kalesar NP 2003 46.82
Haryana 2 Sultanpur NP 1989 1.43
Himachal Pradesh 1 Great Himalayan NP 1984 754.4
Himachal Pradesh 2 Inderkilla NP 2010 104
Himachal Pradesh 3 Khirganga NP 2010 710
Himachal Pradesh 4 Pin Valley NP 1987 675
Himachal Pradesh 5 Simbalbara NP 2010 27.88
Jammu & Kashmir 1 City Forest (Salim Ali) NP 1992 9
Jammu & Kashmir 2 Dachigam NP 1981 141
Jammu & Kashmir 3 Hemis NP 1981 3350
Jammu & Kashmir 4 Kishtwar NP 1981 425
Jharkhand 1 Betla NP 1986 226.33
Karnataka 1 Anshi NP 1987 417.34
Karnataka 2 Bandipur NP 1974 874.2
Karnataka 3 Bannerghatta NP 1974 260.51
Karnataka 4 Kudremukh NP 1987 600.32
Karnataka 5 Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) NP 1988 643.39
Kerala 1 Anamudi Shola NP 2003 7.5
Kerala 2 Eravikulam NP 1978 97
Kerala 3 Mathikettan Shola NP 2003 12.82
Kerala 4 Pambadum Shola NP 2003 1.318
Kerala 5 Periyar NP  1982 350
Kerala 6 Silent Valley NP 1984 89.52
Madhya Pradesh 1 Bandhavgarh NP 1968 448.85
Madhya Pradesh 2 Dinosaur Fossils NP 2011 0.8974
Madhya Pradesh 3 Fossil NP 1983 0.27
Madhya Pradesh 4 Indira Priyadarshini Pench NP 1975 292.85
Madhya Pradesh 5 Kanha NP 1955 940
Madhya Pradesh 6 Madhav NP 1959 375.22
Madhya Pradesh 7 Panna NP 1981 542.67
Madhya Pradesh 8 Sanjay NP 1981 466.88
Madhya Pradesh 9 Satpura NP 1981 585.17
Madhya Pradesh 10 Van Vihar NP 1979 4.45
Maharashtra 1 Chandoli NP 2004 317.67
Maharashtra 2 Gugamal NP 1975 361.28
Maharashtra 3 Nawegaon NP 1975 133.88
Maharashtra 4 Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) NP 1975 257.26
Maharashtra 5 Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) NP 1983 86.96
Maharashtra 6 Tadoba NP 1955 116.55
Manipur  1 Keibul-Lamjao NP 1977 40
Meghalaya 1 Balphakram NP 1985 220
Meghalaya 2 Nokrek Ridge NP 1986 47.48
Mizoram 1 Murlen NP 1991 100
Mizoram 2 Phawngpui Blue Mountain NP 1992 50
Nagaland 1 Intanki NP 1993 202.02
Odisha 1 Bhitarkanika NP 1988 145
Odisha 2 Simlipal NP 1980 845.7
Rajasthan 1 Desert NP 1992 3162
Rajasthan 2 Keoladeo Ghana NP 1981 28.73
Rajasthan 3 Mukundra Hills NP 2006 200.54
Rajasthan 4 Ranthambhore NP 1980 282
Rajasthan 5 Sariska NP 1992 273.8
Sikkim 1 Khangchendzonga NP 1977 1784
Tamil Nadu 1 Guindy NP 1976 2.82
Tamil Nadu 2 Gulf of Mannar Marine NP 1980 6.23
Tamil Nadu 3 Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) NP 1989 117.1
Tamil Nadu 4 Mudumalai NP 1990 103.23
Tamil Nadu 5 Mukurthi NP 1990 78.46
Telangana 1 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy NP 1994 1.43
Telangana 2 Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali NP 1994 14.59
Telangana 3 Mrugavani NP 1994 3.6
Tripura 1 Clouded Leopard NP 2007 5.08
Tripura 2 Bison (Rajbari) NP 2007 31.63
Uttar Pradesh 1 Dudhwa NP 1977 490
Uttarakhand 1 Corbett NP 1936 520.82
Uttarakhand 2 Gangotri NP 1989 2390.02
Uttarakhand 3 Govind NP 1990 472.08
Uttarakhand 4 Nanda Devi NP 1982 624.6
Uttarakhand 5 Rajaji NP 1983 820
Uttarakhand 6 Valley of Flowers NP 1982 87.5
West Bengal 1 Buxa NP 1992 117.1
West Bengal 2 Gorumara NP 1992 79.45
West Bengal 3 Jaldapara NP 2014 216.51
West Bengal 4 Neora Valley NP 1986 159.89
West Bengal 5 Singalila NP 1986 78.6
West Bengal 6 Sunderban NP 1984 1330.1

Source: National Wildlife Database, Wildlife Institute of India