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| Last Updated:: 14/06/2016

Conservation Reserves

(Photo: V.B. Mathur, Asan Wetland, Uttarakhand)

What is Conservation Reserves

Conservation reserves and community reserves in India are terms denoting protected areas of India which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India. Such areas are designated as conservation areas if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities and community areas if part of the lands are privately owned.

These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land, and land use.

 

 State-wise break up of Conservation Reserves (As on 14 June, 2016)

  

State Sr .No. Name Area (km2) District
Gujarat 1 Chharidhandh Wetland 227 Kachchh
Haryana 2 Bir Bara Ban 4.19 Jind
  3 Saraswati 44.53 Kurukshetra & Kaithal
Himachal Pradesh 4 Darlaghat 0.67 Solan
  5 Shilli 1.49 Solan
  6 Shri Naina Devi 17.01 Bilaspur
Jammu & Kashmir 7 Ajas (WL)  1 Bandipora
  8 Ajas 48 Bandipora
  9 Bahu 19.75 Jammu
  10 Boodh Karbu  12 Kargil
  11 Brain-Nishat 15.75 Srinagar
  12 Chatlam, Pampore (WL)  0.25 Pulwama
  13 Gharana (WL) 0.75 Jammu
  14 Hokera (Ramsar Site) (WL)  13.75 Srinagar
  15 Hygam (WL)  7.25 Baramula
  16 Jawahar Tunnel  18 Doda
  17 Khanagund  15 Pulwama
  18 Khimber/Dara/Sharazbal  34 Srinagar
  19 Khiram  15.75 Anantnag
  20 Khonmoh  67 Pulwama
  21 Khrew  50.25 Pulwama
  22 Kukarian (WL)  24.25 Jammu
  23 Malgam (WL)  4.5 Baramula
  24 Manibugh (WL) 4.5 Pulwama
  25 Mirgund (WL) 4 Budgam
  26 Naganari  22.25 Baramula
  27 Nanga (WL)  15.25 Jammu
  28 Narkara (WL)  3.25 Budgam
  29 Norrichain (WL)  2 Leh
  30 Panyar  10 Pulwama
  31 Pargwal (WL) 49.25 Jammu
  32 Sabu  15 Leh
  33 Sangral-Asa Chak (WL)  7 Jammu
  34 Shallabugh (WL)  16 Srinagar
  35 Shikargah  15.5 Pulwama
  36 Sudhmahadev  142.25 Udhampur
  37 Thein  19 Kathua
  38 Tsomoiri (Ramsar Site) (WL)  120 Leh
  39 Wangat/Chatergul  12 Srinagar
  40 Zaloora, Harwan  25.25 Srinagar
Karnataka 41 Afghanashini 299.52 Uttara Kannanda
  42 Bedthi 57.3 Uttara Kannanda
  43 Bankapur Peacock 0.56 Haveri
  44 Basur Amruth Mahal Kaval 7.36 Chikmagalur
  45 Hornbill Con Res 52.5 Uttara Kannanda
  46 Jayamangali Blackbuck 3.23 Tumkur
  47 Shalmale Ripariam Bio-System 4.89 N.A
  48 Thungabhadra Otter 25 Bellary & Koppal 
Maharashtra 49 Bhorkada (Bhorgad) 3.49 Nashik
  50 Kolamarka 180.72 Gadchiroli
Punjab 51 Rakh Sarai Amanat Khan 4.95 Taran Taran
Rajasthan 52 Bisalpur 48.31 Tonk
  53 Jor Beed Gadwala Bikaner 56.47 Bikaner
  54 Sundha Mata 117.49 Jalore, Sirohi
  55 Gudha Vishnoi 2.32 Jodhpur
  56 Shakambhari  131 Sikar & Jhunjhunu
  57 Umedganj Bird 2.72 Kota
  58 Jawai Band Leopard 19.79 Pali
  59 Gogelao 3.58 Nagaur
  60 Rotu 0.73 Nagaur
  61 Bir Jhunjhunu 10.47 Jhunjhunu
Tamil Nadu 62 Tiruppadaimarathur 0.03 Tirunelveli
  63 Suchindrum-Theroor-Managudi 4.85 Kanyakumari
Uttarakhand 64 Asan Wetland 4.444 Dehradun
  65 Jhilmi Jheel 37.84 Haridwar
  66 Pawalgarh 58.25 Nanital
  67 Naina Devi Himalayan Bird 111.9 Nanital
    Total Area (sq km) 2349.38  

Source: Wildlife Institute of India