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| Last Updated:: 14/02/2017

Species

 

Faunal biodiversity of India (Number of species)

 

 

Taxonomic Group

World

India

% in India

Protista

31,250

3500

11.2

Animalia

153122

13,033

8.51

Mesozoa

71

10

14.08

Porifera

5000

500

10

Cnidaria

10,105

1042

10.31

Ctenophora

100

12

12

Platyhelminthes

17,511

1,650

9.42

Rotifera

2500

330

13.2

Gastrotricha

3000

100

3.33

Kinorhyncha

100

10

10

Nematoda

30,028

2902

9.66

Acanthocephala

800

229

28.63

Sipuncula

145

35

24.14

Mollusca

66,535

5169

7.77

Echiura

127

43

33.86

Annelida

17,000

1000

5.88

Onychophora

100

1

1

Arthropoda

1,181,398

74,175

6.28

Crustacea

60,000

3549

5.91

Insecta

1,020,007

63,423

6.22

Arachnida

73,451

5850

7.96

Pycnogonida

600

17

2.83

Chilopoda

8000

101

1.26

Diplopoda

7500

162

2.16

Symphyla

120

4

3.33

Merostomata

4

2

50

Phoronida

11

3

27.27

Bryozoa

4000

200

5

Entoprocta

60

10

16.67

Brachiopoda

300

3

1

Chaetognatha

111

30

27.03

Tardigrada

514

30

5.84

Echinodermata

6600

779

11.8

Hemichordata

120

12

10

Chordata

64,669

5,665

8.76

Protochordata

2106

119

5.65

Pisces

32,120

3,022

9.41

Amphibia

6771

342

5.05

Reptilia

9230

526

5.7

Aves

9026

1,233

13.66

Mammalia

5416

423

7.81

Total (Animalia)

1,399,189

92,873

6.64

Grand total (Protista + Animalia)

1,430,439

96,373

6.74

Source: ZSI (2014)

 

 

Floral biodiversity of India (Number of species)

 

 

Taxonomic Group

World

India

% in India

Algae

40,800

7,244

17.75

Bryophytes

14,500

2,504

17.27

Pteridophytes

12,000

1,267

10.56

Gymnosperms

650

74

11.38

Angiosperms

250,000

17,926

7.17

Total

317,950

29,015

9.13

Source: BSI (2013)

 

 

Marine biodiversity of India (Number of species)

 

 

Plantae

Number of Species

Diatoms

200+

Dinoflagellates

90+

Macroalgae

844

Seagrasses

14

Mangroves

39

Protista

 

Protozoa

532+

Foraminifera

500+

Tintinnids

32+

Animalia

 

Porifera

486+

Cnidaria

842+

Ctenophora

12+

Platyhelmintha

350

Annelida

338

Chaetognatha

30+

Sipuncula

35

Echiura

33

Gastrotrocha

75

Kinorhyncha

10

Tardigrada

10+

Crustacea

3498

Mollusca

3370

Bryozoa

200+

Echinodermata

765

Hemichordata

12

Protochordata

119+

Pisces

2546

Reptilia

35

Mammalia

25

Total

15,042+

Source: Wafar et al (2011)

 

 

Endemic biodiversity of India (Number of species)

 

 

Plant Group

Total Number of species

Number of Endemic Species

%age

Angiosperms

17,926

4,045

22.57

Gymnosperms

74

8

10.81

Pteridophytes

1,267

196

15.47

Bryophytes

2,504

642

25.64

Algae

7,244

1,949

26.91

Source: BSI (2013)

 

 

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Critically Endangered Animal Species of India (Source: Zoological Survey of India)

(Download pdf)

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Guidelines and Framework for Preparation of Marine and Terrestrial Species Recovery Plan

    

download Guidelines and Framework for Preparation of Marine Species Recovery Plan

download Guidelines and Framework for Preparation of Terrestrial Species Recovery Plan

 

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Schedule Species Database

A number of wild animal and bird species have been listed in various schedules of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Similarly, these species are also categorized under IUCN Red List, CITES and Convention on Migratory Species (CMS). This database provides information on categorization of species under these legal instruments.  

 

 

 

 

Plants

A database on Indian Red Data Book plants was developed during the first phase of the project period (1989-1992) with the help of Botanical Survey of India's publication of Red Data Book Plants of India (Nayar & Sastry 1987).  Nearly 625 species of plants are recorded in this publication which is in 3 vols.   This database contains detail information about the plant's Taxonomy, Red data book status, Habits and Distribution in various States.  All the species are analysed to produce a state-wise list of threatened species.  The main aim behind developing this database is to produce a list of threatened species for each state. The number of species recorded in each state is also given in the table.  

 

State Name Recorded Species
40
13
24
33
6
9
 23
 23
 63
 87
 4
 72
 15
 6
 53
 4
 7
 47
 133
 33
 14