JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use the Site in standard view. However, it seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. To use standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options.

| Last Updated:: 12/01/2017

Protected Areas of India

Protected areas are those in which human occupation or at least the exploitation of resources is limited. The definition that has been widely accepted across regional and global frameworks has been provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its categorization guidelines for protected areas. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection depending on the enabling laws of each country or the regulations of the international organizations involved. The term "protected area" also includes Marine Protected Areas, the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and Transboundary Protected Areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes.

 

 

 

 

 Protected Areas of India from 2000 to 2017 (as on January, 2017)

 

Year

No. of National Parks

Area Under National Parks

No. of Wild Life Sanctuaries

Area Under Wild Life Sanctuaries

No. of Community Reserves

Area Under Community Reserves

No. of Conservation Reserves

Area Under Conservation Reserves

No. of Protected Areas

Total Area under Protected Areas

2000

89

37593.94

489

117881.68

-

-

-

-

578

155475.63

2006

96

38183.01

506

120244.39

-

-

4

42.87

606

158470.27

2007

98

38219.72

510

120543.95

4

20.69

7

94.82

619

158879.19

2008

99

39232.58

513

122138.33

4

20.69

45

1259.84

661

162651.45

2009

99

39232.58

513

122138.33

4

20.69

45

1259.84

661

162651.45

2010

102

40074.46

516

122585.56

4

20.69

47

1382.28

669

164062.99

2011

102

40074.46

517

122615.94

4

20.69

52

1801.29

675

164512.37

2012

102

40074.46

524

123548.33

4

20.69

56

1998.15

686

165641.62

2013

102

40074.46

526

124234.52

4

20.69

57

2017.94

689

166347.6

2014

103

40332.89

525

116254.36

4

20.69

60

2037.11

692

158645.05

2015

103

40500.13

531

117607.72

26

46.93

66

2344.53

726

160499.31

2016

103

40500.13

537

118005.30

26

46.93

67

2349.38

733

160901.74

2017

103

40500.13

537

118005.33

26

46.93

67

2349.38

733

160901.77

  Source: National Wildlife Database Cell, Wildlife Institute of India 

 

Note:  All areas are in km2

- Community Reserves have been established in India from 2007 onwards and Conservation Reserves from 2005 onwards. Hence these values are zero.

 

Protected Areas of India (as on January, 2017)

 

No.

Total Area (km2)

Coverage % of Country

National Parks (NPs)

103

40500.13

1.23

Wildlife Sanctuaries (WLSs)

537

118005.33

3.59

Conservation Reserves (CRs)

67

2349.38

0.07

Community Reserves

26

46.93

0.001

Protected Areas (PAs)

733

160901.77

4.89

 

Geographical Area of India (http://knowindia.gov.in/)

=

32,87,263  km2

Forest cover of India (FSI, 2015)

=

  7,01,673  km2

Percentage Area under Forest cover

=

21.34 % of Geographical Area of India

 

Download India State of Forest Report 2015 (Source: Forest Survery of India)

  

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Protected Areas Point Location in Bhuvan Portal (more...)

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

IUCN - World Database on Protected Areas
 
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is the largest assembly of data on the world's terrestrial and marine protected areas, containing more than 161,000 protected areas as of October 2010, with records covering 236 countries and territories throughout the world. The WDPA is a joint venture between the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA).
 
Data for the WDPA is collected from international convention secretariats, governments and collaborating NGOs, but the role of custodian is allocated to the Protected Areas Programme of UNEP-WCMC, based in Cambridge, UK, who have hosted the database since its creation in 1981. The WDPA delivers invaluable information to decision-makers around the world, particularly in terms of measuring the extent and effectiveness of protected areas as an indicator for meeting global biodiversity targets. In October 2010, UNEP-WCMC launched the social media-based website Protected Planet, which allows users to interact with and improve the data that is currently recorded on the World Database on Protected Areas.
 
 
 
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Database_on_Protected_Areas)
 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------