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| Last Updated:: 19/10/2016

Marine Protected Areas

(Photo: Anant Pande, Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal)

What is Marine Protected Areas

A marine protected area (MPA) is essentially a space in the ocean where human activities are more strictly regulated than the surrounding waters - similar to parks we have on land. These places are given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, territorial, native, regional, or national authorities.           

 

List of Marine Protected Areas in peninsular India

 

S. No.

Name of MPA

State

Category

Area

Year of establishment

1

Coringa

Andhra Pradesh

Sanctuary

235.7

1978

2

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Sanctuary

194.81

1989

3

Pulicat Lake

Andhra Pradesh

Sanctuary

500

1980

4

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Dadra & Nagar Haveli

Sanctuary

92.16

2000

5

Fudam

Daman & Diu

Sanctuary

2.18

1991

6

Chorao Island

Goa

Sanctuary

1.78

1988

7

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Gujarat

National Park

162.89

1995

8

Khijadia

Gujarat

Sanctuary

6.05

1981

9

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Gujarat

Sanctuary

295.03

1980

10

Kadalundi Vallikkunnu Com R

Kerala

Community Reserve

1.50

2007

11

Malvan Marine

Maharashtra

Sanctuary

29.12

1987

12

Thane Creek Flamingo

Maharashtra

Sanctuary

16.905

2015

13

Bhitarkanika

Odisha

National Park

145

1998

14

Bhitarkanika

Odisha

Sanctuary

672

1975

15

Chilka (Nalaban)

Odisha

Sanctuary

15.53

1987

16

Gahirmatha

Odisha

Sanctuary

1435

1997

17

Balukhand Konark

Odisha

Sanctuary

71.72

1984

18

Gulf of Mannar Marine

Tamil Nadu

National Park

6.23

1980

19

Point Calimere

Tamil Nadu

Sanctuary

172.6

1967

20

Pulicat Lake

Tamil Nadu

Sanctuary

153.67

1980

21

Sundarbans

West Bengal

National Park

1330.1

1984

22

West Sundarbans

West Bengal

Sanctuary

556.45

2013

23

Haliday Island

West Bengal

Sanctuary

5.95

1976

24

Sajnakhali

West Bengal

Sanctuary

2091.12

1976

25

Lothian Island

West Bengal

Sanctuary

38

1976

*excluding small island MPAs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Source: K Sivakumar, Coastal and Marine BiodiversityProtected Areas in India: Challengesand Way Forward,K. Venkataraman et al. (eds.),Ecology and Conservation of TropicalMarine Faunal Communities, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.

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List of Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India

 

Sl.No.

PA Name

State

NP/ WLS

Area

Status year

1

Arial Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

2

Bamboo Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

3

Barren Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

11.99

1977

4

Battimalv Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

5.03

1977

5

Belle Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.08

1977

6

Bennett Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

3.46

1977

7

Bingham Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.08

1977

8

Blister Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.26

1977

9

Bluff Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

1.14

1977

10

Bondoville Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

2.55

1977

11

Brush Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.23

1977

12

Buchanan Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

9.33

1977

13

Campbell

Andaman & Nicobar

National Park

426.23

1992

14

Chanel Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

15

Cinque Islands

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

9.51

1977

16

Clyde Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.54

1977

17

Cone Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.65

1977

18

Curlew (B.P.) Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

19

Curlew Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.03

1977

20

Defence Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

10.49

1977

21

Dot Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

22

Dottrell Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.13

1977

23

Duncan Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.73

1977

24

East Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

6.11

1977

25

East Of Inglis Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

3.55

1977

26

Egg Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

27

Elat Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

9.36

1977

28

Entrance Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.96

1977

29

Galathea

Andaman & Nicobar

National Park

110

1992

30

Gander Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.05

1977

31

Girjan Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.16

1977

32

Goose Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.01

1977

33

Hump Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.47

1977

34

Interview Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

133.87

1977

35

James Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

2.1

1977

36

Jungle Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.52

1977

37

Kyd Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

8

1977

38

Landfall Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

29.48

1977

39

Latouche Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.96

1977

40

Lohabarrack

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

22.21

1977

41

Mahatma Gandhi Marine

Andaman & Nicobar

National Park

281.5

1983

42

Mangrove Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.39

1977

43

Mask Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.78

1977

44

Mayo Island

Andaman & Nicobar

Sanctuary

0.1