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| Last Updated:: 12/04/2021

Marine Protected Areas

(Photo: Anant Pande, Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal)

What is Marine Protected Areas

A marine protected area (MPA) is essentially a space in the ocean where human activities are more strictly regulated than the surrounding waters - similar to parks we have on land. These places are given special protections for natural or historic marine resources by local, state, territorial, native, regional, or national authorities.           

 

 

List of Marine Protected Areas in Peninsular India

 

S.No.

State/UT

Name of MPA

Legal Status

Area

Year of Notificaion

1

Andhra Pradesh

Coringa

Sanctuary

235.70

1978

2

Andhra Pradesh

Krishna

Sanctuary

194.81

1989

3

Andhra Pradesh

Pulicat Lake

Sanctuary

600.00

1980

4

Daman & Diu

Fudam

Sanctuary

2.18

1991

5

Goa

Chorao Island

Sanctuary

1.78

1988

6

Gujarat

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

National Park

162.89

1995

7

Gujarat

Marine (Gulf of Kachchh)

Sanctuary

295.03

1980

8

Gujarat

Khijadia

Sanctuary

6.05

1981

9

Kerala

Kadalundi Vallikkunnu

Community Reserve

1.50

2007

10

Maharashtra

Malvan Marine

Sanctuary

29.12

1987

11

Maharashtra

Thane Creek Flamingo

Sanctuary

16.905

2015

12

Odisha

Bhitarkanika

National Park

145.00

1998

13

Odisha

Bhitarkanika

Sanctuary

525.00

1975

14

Odisha

Chilka (Nalaban)

Sanctuary

15.53

1987

15

Odisha

Gahirmatha

Sanctuary

1435.00

1997

16

Odisha

Balukhand Konark

Sanctuary

71.72

1984

17

Tamil Nadu

Gulf of Mannar Marine

National Park

526.02

1980

18

Tamil Nadu

Point Calimere

Sanctuary

17.26

1967

19

Tamil Nadu

Pulicat Lake

Sanctuary

153.67

1980

20

Tamil Nadu

Pulicat Lake Block-A & Block-B

Sanctuary

124.0727

2013

21

West Bengal

Sundarbans

National Park

1330.10

1984

22

West Bengal

West Sundarbans

Sanctuary

556.45

2013

23

West Bengal

Haliday Island

Sanctuary

5.95

1976

24

West Bengal

Sajnakhali

Sanctuary

362.40

1976

25

West Bengal

Lothian Island

Sanctuary

38.00

1976

Total Area

6852.14

 

 

 

List of Marine Protected Areas in Islands of India

 

S.No.

Name of MPA

Legal Status

Area of MPA

Year of Notification

Andaman & Nicobars Islands

1

Campbell Bay

National Park

426.23

1992

2

Galathea Bay

National Park

110.00

1992

3

Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor)

National Park

281.50

1983

4

Mount Harriett

National Park

46.62

1987

5

Rani Jhansi Marine

National Park

320.06

1996

6

Saddle Peak

National Park

32.54

1987

7

Arial Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1987

8

Bamboo Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1987

9

Barren Island

Sanctuary

8.10

1987

10

Battimalv Island

Sanctuary

2.23

1987

11

Belle Island

Sanctuary

0.08

1987

12

Benett Island

Sanctuary

3.46

1987

13

Bingham Island

Sanctuary

0.08

1987

14

Blister Island

Sanctuary

0.26

1987

15

Bluff Island

Sanctuary

1.14

1987

16

Bondoville Island

Sanctuary

2.55

1987

17

Brush Island

Sanctuary

0.23

1987

18

Buchanan Island

Sanctuary

9.33

1987

19

Chanel Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1987

20

Cinque Islands

Sanctuary

9.51

1987

21

Clyde Island

Sanctuary

0.54

1987

22

Cone Island

Sanctuary

0.65

1987

23

Curlew (B.P.) Island

Sanctuary

0.16

1987

24

Curlew Island

Sanctuary

0.03

1987

25

Cuthbert Bay

Sanctuary

5.82

1997

26

Defence Island

Sanctuary

10.49

1987

27

Dot Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1987

28

Dottrell Island

Sanctuary

0.13

1987

29

Duncan Island

Sanctuary

0.73

1987

30

East Island

Sanctuary

6.11

1987

31

East of Inglis Island

Sanctuary

3.55

1987

32

Egg Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1987

33

Elat Island

Sanctuary

9.36

1987

34

Entrance Island

Sanctuary

0.96

1987

35

Gander Island

Sanctuary

0.05

1987

36

Girjan Island

Sanctuary

0.16

1987

37

Goose Island

Sanctuary

0.01

1987

38

Hump Island

Sanctuary

0.47

1987

39

Interview Island

Sanctuary

133.87

1987

40

James Island

Sanctuary

2.10

1987

41

Jungle Island

Sanctuary

0.52

1987

42

Kwangtung Island

Sanctuary

0.57

1987

43

Kyd Island

Sanctuary

8.00

1987

44

Landfall Island

Sanctuary

29.48

1987

45

Latouche Island

Sanctuary

0.96

1987

46

Lohabarrack (Saltwater Crocodile)

Sanctuary

22.21

1987

47

Mangrove Island

Sanctuary

0.39

1987

48

Mask Island

Sanctuary

0.78

1987

49

Mayo Island

Sanctuary

0.10

1987

50

Montogemery Island

Sanctuary

0.21

1987

51

Narcondam Island

Sanctuary

6.81

1987

52

North Brother Island

Sanctuary

0.75

1987

53