Elephant Reserves

 (Photo: Sudip Banerjee, Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand)

 

 

Elephant Reserves

The Indian elephant Elephas maximus occurs in the central and southern Western Ghats, North-east India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India. It is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES). It occurs in 16 of the 28 states in the country and is showing an increasing trend across its distributional range. Its population in 2007 was estimated to be in the range from 27,657 to 27,682, whereas in 2012 the population was estimated to be between 27,785 and 31,368. The state-wise population estimates are given in table below:

 

Elephant (Elephas maximus) population estimates for 2007 and 2012

 

  
Sl.No.
States
Elephant Population
2007
2012
1
Arunachal Pradesh
1690
1690*
2
Assam
5281
5281*
3
Meghalaya
1811
1811*
4
Nagaland
152
212
5
Tripura
59
59*
6
West Bengal
325-350
325-350*
7
Jharkhand
624
688
8
Odisha
1862
1930
9
Chattisgarh
122
215
10
Uttarakhand
1346
1346*
11
Uttar Pradesh
380
380
12
Tamil Nadu
3867
3726
13
Karnataka
4035
3900-7458**
14
Kerela
6068
6177
15
Andhra Pradesh
28
41
16
Maharshtra
7
4
 
 
27657-27682
27785-31368
 (Source: MoEF, 2013)
 
 
*Census figure as per 2007. The census report of 2012 is still awaited from the States

 **3900-7458 (Confidence Limits)

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PROJECT ELEPHANT was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:

1. To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
2. To address issues of man-animal conflict
3. Welfare of captive elephants

The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs , viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

 

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change provides the financial and technical support to major elephant range states in the country through Project Elephant. 

 

(Download pdf)Securing the Future for Elephants in India, The Report of the Elephant Task Force, Ministry of Environment and Forests, August 31, 2010

 

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List of Landscape and Elephant Reserves in India with 2005 Census Population

 

Sl.
No.

Elephant Range

Elephant Reserve

Date of Notification

State

Total Area (Sq. Km)

P.A. in ER (Sq. Km)

Population in 2005

1

East-Central Landscape

1. Mayurjharna ER

24.10.02

West Bengal

414

 

96

 

(South-West Bengal-

2. Singhbhum ER

26.9.01

Jharkhand

4530

193

371

 

Jharkhand - Orissa)

3. Mayurbhanj ER

29.9.01

Orissa

3214

1309

465

 

 

4. Mahanadi ER  *

20.7.02

Orissa

1038

964

464

 

 

5. Sambalpur ER  *

27.3.02

Orissa

427

427

284

 

 

6. Baitami ER #

 

Orissa

1755

 

108

 

 

7. South Orissa ER #

 

Orissa

4216

750

138

 

 

8. Lemru ER #

 

Chhattishgarh

450

 

-

 

 

9. Badalkhol - Tamorpingla ER

 

Chhattishgarh

1048.3

1154.93

-

 

Total

 

 

 

17092.3

4797.93

1926

2

Kameng-Sonitpur Landscape

10. Kameng ER

19.6.02

Arunachal

1892

748

 

 

(Arunachal - Assam)

11. Sonitpur ER *

6.3.03

Assam

1420

420

612

 

Total

 

 

 

3312

1168

612

3

Eastern-South Bank Landscape

12. Dihing-Patkai ER

17.4.03

Assam

937

345

295

 

(Assam - Arunachal)

13. South Arunachal ER

29.2.08

Arunachal

1957.5

378.13

129

 

Total

 

 

 

2894.5

723.13

424

4

Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong-Intanki Landscape

14. Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong ER

17.4.03

Assam

3270

1073

1940

 

(Assam - Nagaland)

15. Dhansiri-Lungding ER

19.4.03

Assam

2740

 

275

 

 

16. Intanki ER

28.2.05

Nagaland

202

202

30

 

Total

 

 

 

6212

1275

2245

5

North Bengal- Greater Manas Landscape

17. Chirang-Ripu ER

7.3.03

Assam

2600

526

658

 

(Assam - West Bengal)

18. Eastern Dooars ER

28.8.02

West Bengal

978

484

300-350

 

Total

 

 

 

3578

1010

1008

6

Meghalaya Landscape

19. Garo Hills ER

31.10.01

Meghalaya

3500

402

1047

 

(Meghalaya)

20. Khasi-hills ER #

 

Meghalaya

1331

 

383

 

Total

 

 

 

4831

402

1430

7

Brahmagiri-Nilgiri-Eastern Ghat Landscape

21. Mysore ER

25.11.02

Karnataka

6724

3103

4452

 

(Karnataka - Kerala-

22. Wayanad ER

2.4.02

Kerala

1200

394

636

 

Tamilnadu- Andhra)

23. Nilgiri ER

19.9.03

Tamil Nadu

4663

716

2862

 

 

24. Rayala ER

9.12.03

Andhra

766

525

12

 

 

25. Nilambur ER

2.4.02

Kerala

1419

90

281

 

 

26. Coimbatore ER

19.9.03

Tamil Nadu

566

482

329

 

Total

 

 

 

15338

5310

8572

8

Anamalai-Nelliampathy- High Range Landscape

27. Anamalai ER

19.9.03

Tamil Nadu

1457

300

179

 

(Tamilnadu - Kerala)

28. Anamudi ER

2.4.02

Kerala

3728

780

1726

 

Total

 

 

 

5185

1080

1905

9

Periyar-Agasthyamalai Landscape

29. Periyar ER

2.4.02

Kerala

3742

1058

1100

 

(Kerala - Tamilnadu)

30. Srivilliputhur ER

19.9.03

Tamil Nadu

1249

568

638

 

Total

 

 

 

4991

1626

1738

10

North-Western Landscape

31. Shivalik ER

28.10.02

Uttarakhand

5405

1340

1510

 

(Uttarakhand - Uttar Pradesh)

32. Uttar Pradesh ER

9.9.09

U.P.

744

 

NA

 

Total

 

 

 

6149

1340

1510

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

69,582.80

18,732.06

21,370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Approved by Govt. of India, but not yet notified by the State Government

 

Proposal for extension approved by GOI, but not yet notified by the state

(Source: Elephant Task Force Report of MoEF, August 2010)